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Henry Fielding, 1707 - 1754 A succcessful playwright in his twenties, Henry Fielding turned to the study of law and then to journalism, fiction, and a judgeship after his Historical Register, a political satire on the Walpole government, contributed to the censorship of plays that put him out of business. As an impoverished member of the upper classes, he knew the country squires and the town nobility; as a successful young playwright, the London jet set; as a judge at the center of London, the city's thieves, swindlers, petty officials, shopkeepers, and vagabonds. As a political journalist (editor-author of The Champion, 1739-1741; The True Patriot, 1745-1746; The Jacobite's Journal, 1747-1748; The Covent-Garden Journal, 1752), he participated in argument and intrigue over everything from London elections to national policy. He knowledgeably attacked and defended a range of politicians, from ward heelers to the Prince of Wales. When Fielding undertook writing prose fiction to ridicule the simple morality of Pamela by Samuel Richardson, he first wrote the hilarious burlesque Shamela (1741). However, he soon found himself considering all the forces working on humans, and in Joseph Andrews (1742) (centering on his invented brother of Pamela), he played with the patterns of Homer, the Bible, and Cervantes to create what he called "a comic epic poem in prose." His preface describing this new art form is one of the major documents in literary criticism of the novel. Jonathan Wild, a fictional rogue biography of a year later, plays heavily with ironic techniques that leave unsettled Fielding's great and recurring theme: the difficulty of uniting goodness, or an outflowing love of others, with prudence in a world where corrupted institutions support divisive pride rather than harmony and self-fulfillment. In his masterpiece Tom Jones (1749), Fielding not only faces this issue persuasively but also shows for the first time the possibility of bringing a whole world into an artistic unity, as his model Homer had done in verse. Fielding develops a coherent and centered sequence of events-something Congreve had done casually on a small scale in Incognita 60 years before. In addition he also relates the plot organically to character and theme, by which he gives us a vision of the archetypal good person (Tom) on a journey toward understanding. Every act by every character in the book reflects the special and typical psychology of that character and the proper moral response. In Tom Jones, Fielding affirms the existence of an order under the surface of chaos. In his last novel, Amelia (1751), which realistically examines the misery of London, he can find nothing reliable except the prudent good heart, and that only if its possessor escapes into the country. Fielding based the title character on his second wife, with whom he was deeply in love. However, ill himself, still saddened by the deaths of his intensely loved first wife and daughter, and depressed by a London magistrate's endless toil against corruption, Fielding saw little hope for goodness in that novel or in his informal Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon (1755). Shortly after traveling to Lisbon for his health, Fielding died at the age of 47, having proved to his contemporaries and successors that the lowly novel was capable of the richest achievements of art. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from Tom Jones
… (mehr)
Tom Jones 7,386 Exemplare, 83 Rezensionen
Joseph Andrews' Abenteuer 1,649 Exemplare, 22 Rezensionen
Mr. Jonathan Wild der Große 493 Exemplare, 6 Rezensionen
Amelia 353 Exemplare, 4 Rezensionen
Tom Jones (Norton Critical Editions) 328 Exemplare, 4 Rezensionen
Tom Jones. Bd. 2 154 Exemplare
Tom Jones. Bd. 1 138 Exemplare
Anti-Pamela and Shamela 94 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Shamela 88 Exemplare, 3 Rezensionen
Das Tagebuch einer Reise nach Lissabon 54 Exemplare, 3 Rezensionen
Pamela/Shamela 49 Exemplare
Tom Jones [Penguin Readers] 33 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Amelia (2/2) 23 Exemplare
Tom Jones 19 Exemplare
Amelia (1/2) 15 Exemplare
Miscellanies 6 Exemplare
The Female Husband 5 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Henry Fielding : Romans 5 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Amelia (3/3) 4 Exemplare
Tom Jones (4/4) (Autor) 4 Exemplare
The Mock Doctor 3 Exemplare
Amelia (2/3) 3 Exemplare
Tom Jones (3/4) (Autor) 3 Exemplare
Amelia (1/3) 3 Exemplare
Pasquin 3 Exemplare
The wedding-day 2 Exemplare
Rape Upon Rape 2 Exemplare
Farsy 2 Exemplare
South Wind 1 Exemplar
Shamela Andrews 1 Exemplar
Tom Jones (2/4) (Autor) 1 Exemplar
Tom Jones (1/4) (Autor) 1 Exemplar
The Works 1 Exemplar
Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Books (Mitwirkender) 465 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
English Poetry, Volume II: From Collins to Fitzgerald (Mitwirkender) 418 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Eighteenth-Century Plays (Mitwirkender) 137 Exemplare
The Adventures of David Simple (Preface, einige Ausgaben) 130 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Eighteenth Century Plays (Mitwirkender) 59 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Tom Jones [1963 film] (Original book) 57 Exemplare, 3 Rezensionen
Modern Arthurian Literature (Mitwirkender) 27 Exemplare
A Skeleton At the Helm (Mitwirkender) 24 Exemplare
Eighteenth Century Women: An Anthology (Mitwirkender) 21 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Lock Up Your Daughters, Acting Edition (Original book) 13 Exemplare

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