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Autoren-Bild. Roman copy of a Greek original of the early 4th century BC,<br> Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome, Italy<br> (Credit: Marie Lan-Nguyen, 2006)

Roman copy of a Greek original of the early 4th century BC,
Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome, Italy
(Credit: Marie Lan-Nguyen, 2006)

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Herodotus was the inventor of universal history. Often called the Father of History, his histories are divided into nine books named after the nine muses. A native of Halicarnassus on the coast of Asia Minor (modern Bodrum, Turkey), he traveled extensively, writing lively descriptions of the lands he saw and the peoples he encountered. Herodotus set out to relate the story of the conflict of the Greeks of his own time against the "barbarian" Asiatic empire of Achaemenid Persia. His long narrative, titled by modern convention The Histories, begins with the earliest traditions he believed reliable. It ends with a highly colored account of the defeat of the Persian emperor Xerxes and his immense army of slaves by a much smaller number of Greeks fighting to preserve their freedom. Herodotus wrote history, but his methods and assumptions were not those of a modern historian, and his work was unjustly rejected by his successor Thucydides as factually highly unreliable and full of inappropriate romance. By his own admission, Herodotus retold the stories of other peoples without necessarily believing them all. This allowed him total artistic freedom and control to create a picture of the world that corresponded entirely to his own view of it. The result is a picture of Herodotus's world that is also a picture of his mind and, therefore, of many other Greek minds during the period known as "late Archaic." During this period, the Greek mind was dominated by reason, the domain of the first philosophers and the observant and thoughtful medical theorists of the Hippocratic school. Traditional beliefs in the gods of Homer and in their Oracles, especially the Oracle at Delphi, also dominated during this period. The literary genius of Herodotus consisted in the art of the storyteller. The stories he chose to tell, and the order in which he told them, provide his readers with a total view of his world and the way in which the will of the gods and the ambitions of humans interacted to produce what is known as history. For this reason the ancient critic Longinus justly called Herodotus "the most Homeric of all authors." Like Homer, Herodotus strove to understand the world theologically---a goal that makes his work difficult for the reader to understand at first. But, in place of Homer's divine inspiration, Herodotus used his eyes and ears and wrote not poetry but prose. Rejecting what is commonly known as myth, he accepted instead "oral tradition" about remembered events. For example, although he believed that the Trojan War had been fought, he could not investigate it beyond what the poets had said. In his view this "ancient history" of the Greeks and the peoples of Asia was not like contemporary history, because the heroes of old who had created it were beings of a different and superior order who had had a different, direct, and personal relationship with the gods. In recognizing this distinction, Herodotus defined for all time the limits of the historian's discipline. (Bowker Author Biography)
— Biografie von Historien
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Historien 8,979 Exemplare, 79 Rezensionen
The Landmark Herodotus: The Histories 1,463 Exemplare, 19 Rezensionen
The Persian Wars 411 Exemplare, 3 Rezensionen
The Histories (Oxford World's Classics) 387 Exemplare, 3 Rezensionen
Herodotus I : The Persian Wars, Books I-II 232 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Snakes with Wings and Gold-Digging Ants 151 Exemplare, 4 Rezensionen
Herodoti Historiae Libri V-IX (Autor) 137 Exemplare
Madness of Cambyses 99 Exemplare, 3 Rezensionen
The Histories 86 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
The history of Herodotus: Volume 1 84 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
An Account of Egypt 77 Exemplare
Xerxes Invades Greece (Penguin Epics) 73 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Historiae 8: Urania 63 Exemplare
The history of Herodotus - Volume 2 55 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Herodoti Historiae 43 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
The Struggle for Greece 42 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
The Histories (Books 1 to 4) 38 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Historien III. 34 Exemplare
Historiae 6: Erato 28 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Herodotus, book II 17 Exemplare
L'enquête 13 Exemplare
Tales from Herodotus (Greek Texts) 13 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Historien II. 12 Exemplare
Zeer korte verhalen 10 Exemplare
Historien IV. 9 Exemplare
Veertig verhalen 9 Exemplare
Le storie di Erodoto (Autor) 8 Exemplare
Història. II 7 Exemplare
Tarih 7 Exemplare
The History 4 Exemplare
Herodot i udvalg 4 Exemplare
Egypt 3 Exemplare
História 3 Exemplare
Història. I 3 Exemplare
Història. II 3 Exemplare
Histories. Book VI 3 Exemplare
Herodotus Book 1 3 Exemplare
Storici greci 3 Exemplare
Histoires 2 Exemplare
Història III 2 Exemplare
Història 2 Exemplare
Història 2 Exemplare
Landmark Herodotus 2 Exemplare
Histoires, tome 2 2 Exemplare
Historia 2 Exemplare
Erodoto e Tucidide 2 Exemplare
Herodotos 2 Exemplare
Return to Atlantis 2 Exemplare
Historias 1 Exemplar
HISTORIATEOS 2 1 Exemplar
Heredot Tarihi 1 Exemplar
ΚΑΛΛΙΟΠΗ 1 Exemplar
Herodotos 1 Exemplar
Història VIII 1 Exemplar
Història IX 1 Exemplar
HISTÒRIA 1 Exemplar
Ιστορία 1 Exemplar
Història (VI) 1 Exemplar
Historias 1 Exemplar
Ουρανία 1 Exemplar
Zgodbe 1 Exemplar
˜Les œbarbares 1 Exemplar
Història (VII) 1 Exemplar
Καλλιό 1 Exemplar
Història V 1 Exemplar
Historia 1 Exemplar
Historia 1 Exemplar
Historia 1 Exemplar
Historia 1 Exemplar
Historias II 1 Exemplar
Historias I 1 Exemplar
Historiens grecs 1 Exemplar
Histoire. Tome I 1 Exemplar
The Histories 1 Exemplar
The Persian Wars 1 Exemplar
The History 1 Exemplar
Historia IV 1 Exemplar
Historia III 1 Exemplar
Historia II 1 Exemplar
Historia V 1 Exemplar
Història 1 Exemplar
Historia I 1 Exemplar
Book VI: Erato 1 Exemplar
Libri I, II 1 Exemplar
Herodot 1 Exemplar
Herodotus Bk I, 1 Exemplar
Book VIII 1 Exemplar
Historiae 1 Exemplar
Herodotus Book I 1 Exemplar
Muzen 1 Exemplar
Dějiny 1 Exemplar
Herodotus VIII 1 Exemplar
Sixth and seventh books of Herodotus 1 Exemplar, 1 Rezension
Storie. Volume 4 1 Exemplar
Storie. Volume 3 1 Exemplar
STORIE LIBRO I° 1 Exemplar
Book IX 1 Exemplar
Il Nilo 1 Exemplar
Storie volume II 1 Exemplar
Storie vol I 1 Exemplar
2: Libri 5.-9. 1 Exemplar
Història II 1 Exemplar, 1 Rezension
Història I 1 Exemplar, 1 Rezension
Index analitique 1 Exemplar
Introduction 1 Exemplar
Book VIII 1 Exemplar
Herodotus, VII 1 Exemplar
The Mammoth Book of Historical Whodunits Volume 2 (Mitwirkender) 530 Exemplare, 4 Rezensionen
The Portable Greek Historians (Mitwirkender) 493 Exemplare, 3 Rezensionen
Voyages and Travels (Mitwirkender) 194 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
The Moral Life: An Introductory Reader in Ethics and Literature (Mitwirkender) 153 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Greek Civilization and Character (Mitwirkender) 137 Exemplare
The Norton Book of Travel (Mitwirkender) 106 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Classic Travel Stories (Mitwirkender) 57 Exemplare
The Book of the Sea (Mitwirkender) 35 Exemplare
The Lock and Key Library (Volume 2: Mediterranean) (Mitwirkender) 15 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Cat Encounters: A Cat-Lover's Anthology (Mitwirkender) 10 Exemplare
Selections from Greek Historians (Mitwirkender) 9 Exemplare
Stories from Herodotus (Story) 9 Exemplare
Griekse geschiedschrijvers (Mitwirkender) 6 Exemplare
Evergreen Stories (Mitwirkender) 4 Exemplare
The Realm of the Impossible (Mitwirkender) 4 Exemplare
Égypte (Verfasser) 1 Exemplar

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