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Autoren-Bild. <br>Courtesy of the <a href="http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?483006">NYPL Digital Gallery</a><br>(image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)


Courtesy of the NYPL Digital Gallery
(image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

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Eugene O'Neill was born in New York City on October 16, 1888, the son of popular actors James O'Neill and Ellen Quinlan. As a young child, he frequently went on tour with his father and later attended a Catholic boarding school and a private preparatory school. He entered Princeton University but stayed for only a year. He took a variety of jobs, including prospecting for gold, shipping out as a merchant sailor, joining his father on the stage, and writing for newspapers. In 1912, he was hospitalized for tuberculosis and emotional exhaustion. While recovering, he read a great deal of dramatic literature and, after his release from the sanitarium, began writing plays. O'Neill got his theatrical start with a group known as the Provincetown Players, a company of actors, writers, and other theatrical newcomers, many of whom went on to achieve commercial and critical success. His first plays were one-act works for this group, works that combined realism with experimental forms. O'Neill's first commercial successes, Beyond the Horizon (1920) and Anna Christie (1921) were traditional realistic plays. Anna Christie is still frequently performed. It is the story of a young woman, Anna, whose hard life has led her to become a prostitute. Anna comes to live with her long-lost father, who is unaware of her past, and she falls in love with a sailor, who is also unaware. When Anna finds the two men fighting over her as though she were property, she is so angry and disgusted that she insists on telling them the truth. The man she loves rejects her at first, but then later returns to marry her. Soon O'Neill began to experiment more, and over the next 12 years used a wide variety of unusual techniques, settings, and dramatic devices. It is no exaggeration to say that, virtually on his own, O'Neill created a tradition of serious American theater. His influence on the playwrights who followed him has been enormous, and much of what is taken today for granted in modern American theater originated with O'Neill. A major legacy has been the nine plays he wrote between 1924 and 1931, tragedies that made heavy use of the new Freudian psychology just coming into fashion. His one comedy, Ah, Wilderness (1933), was the basis for the musical comedy, Oklahoma!, itself a groundbreaking event in American theater. O'Neill later began to write the intense, brooding, and highly autobiographical plays that are now considered to his best work. The Iceman Cometh (1946) is set in a bar in Manhattan's Bowery, or skid-row district. In the course of the play, a group of apparently happy men are forced to recognize the true emptiness of their lives. In A Long Day's Journey into Night (1956), O'Neill examines his own family and their tormented lives, a subject he continues in A Moon for the Misbegotten (1957). O'Neill's work was highly honored. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1936 and Pulitzer Prizes for Anna Christie, Beyond the Horizon, Strange Interlude (1928), and A Long Day's Journey Into Night, which also received the New York Drama Critics Circle Award. O'Neill died in Room 401 of the Sheraton Hotel on Bay State Road in Boston, on November 27, 1953, at the age of 65. He was also born in a hotel room in Times Square, NYC. (Bowker Author Biography)
— Biografie von Eines langen Tages Reise in die Nacht
… (mehr)
Eines langen Tages Reise in die Nacht 3,197 Exemplare, 33 Rezensionen
Der Eismann kommt: Schauspiel in 4 Akten 1,242 Exemplare, 8 Rezensionen
Anna Christie / The Emperor Jones / The Hairy Ape (Autor) 493 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Nine Plays 416 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
A Moon for the Misbegotten (Autor) 348 Exemplare, 4 Rezensionen
Trauer muß Elektra tragen (Autor) 316 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Complete Plays 1932-1943 292 Exemplare, 4 Rezensionen
Complete Plays 1913-1920 267 Exemplare, 4 Rezensionen
Complete Plays 1920-1931 259 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Ah, Wilderness! 213 Exemplare, 3 Rezensionen
The Emperor Jones 185 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Strange Interlude 153 Exemplare, 5 Rezensionen
Desire Under the Elms 138 Exemplare, 6 Rezensionen
Anna Christie 132 Exemplare, 4 Rezensionen
Seven Plays of the Sea (Autor) 129 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
The Hairy Ape 116 Exemplare, 4 Rezensionen
Six Short Plays 57 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Long Day's Journey Into Night [1962 film] (Screenwriter) 41 Exemplare
Hughie 40 Exemplare
Ten "Lost" Plays 38 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Lazarus Laughed 33 Exemplare
Marco Millions 30 Exemplare
Dynamo 26 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Days Without End 19 Exemplare
Exorcism: A Play in One Act 18 Exemplare, 3 Rezensionen
Lost Plays 14 Exemplare
Penguin Plays 13 Exemplare
The First Man 12 Exemplare
Poems, 1912-1944 12 Exemplare
The Straw 12 Exemplare
The Moon of the Caribbees 12 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Drammi marini 10 Exemplare
In the Zone 10 Exemplare
Diff'rent 8 Exemplare
Welded 7 Exemplare
Ile 7 Exemplare
Before breakfast 5 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
The Rope 5 Exemplare
Plays 5 Exemplare
The American spectator year book (Herausgeber) 3 Exemplare
Teatro escogido 3 Exemplare
Mourning Becomes Electra [1947 film] (Screenwriter) 2 Exemplare
Teatro 2 Exemplare
Tomorrow 2 Exemplare
Plays 2 Exemplare
Five Modern Plays 2 Exemplare
Two one-act plays 2 Exemplare
Abortion 2 Exemplare
Gold 2 Exemplare
5 plays 1 Exemplar
The Straw 1 Exemplar
Teatr 1 Exemplar
Olje / Ile 1 Exemplar
American Dream 1 Exemplar
Three Plays 1 Exemplar
Ile 1 Exemplar
Théâtre choisi 1 Exemplar
In The Zone; Ile 1 Exemplar
The Sniper 1 Exemplar
Servitude 1 Exemplar
Fermenti 1 Exemplar
Plays 1 Exemplar
Oltre l'orizzonte 1 Exemplar, 1 Rezension
The Movie Man 1 Exemplar
Théâtre choisi 1 Exemplar
TRAANIA 1 Exemplar
Opere 1 Exemplar
Los Demonios 1 Exemplar
Homecoming 1 Exemplar
Rijkemanshuis 1 Exemplar
Fast ein Poet 1 Exemplar
Dr 1 Exemplar
Quatro peças 1 Exemplar
Drámák 1 Exemplar
Collected Plays 1 Exemplar
Fog 1 Exemplar
The Dreamy Kid 1 Exemplar
Le opere 1 Exemplar
Négy dráma 1 Exemplar
Il castoro 1 Exemplar
The Portable Harlem Renaissance Reader (Mitwirkender) 370 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Eight Great Tragedies (Mitwirkender) 364 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
24 Favorite One Act Plays (Mitwirkender) 252 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Six Modern American Plays (Mitwirkender) 251 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Masterpieces of the Drama (Mitwirkender) 166 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
This Is My Best (Mitwirkender) 164 Exemplare
Sixteen Famous American Plays (Playwright) 164 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Famous American Plays of the 1920s (Mitwirkender) 126 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Thirty Famous One-Act Plays (Mitwirkender) 98 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Four modern plays (Mitwirkender) 68 Exemplare
Contemporary Drama: 15 Plays (Mitwirkender) 67 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
The Theatre Guild Anthology (Mitwirkender) 60 Exemplare
Modern and Contemporary Drama (Mitwirkender) 41 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Best American Plays: Fifth Series, 1957-1963 (Mitwirkender) 37 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Ten Great One Act Plays (Mitwirkender) 34 Exemplare
14 great plays (Mitwirkender) 29 Exemplare
World's Great Plays (Mitwirkender) 21 Exemplare
Anna Christie [videorecording] (Original play) 19 Exemplare
Best American Plays: 6th Series, 1963-1967 (Mitwirkender) 18 Exemplare
New Girl in Town (Original play Anna Christie) 17 Exemplare
The Long Voyage Home [1940 film] (Original play) 15 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Twelve Classic One-Act Plays (Mitwirkender) 14 Exemplare
Anathema!: Litanies of Negation (Einführung, einige Ausgaben) 14 Exemplare
Macbeth & The Emperor Jones (Mitwirkender) 10 Exemplare
The Iceman Cometh [1973 film] (Original play) 5 Exemplare
Contemporary Drama American Plays II (Mitwirkender) 4 Exemplare
The Iceman Cometh [1960 film] (Original play) 2 Exemplare
American Plays (Mitwirkender) 2 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Ah, Wilderness! [1976 TV episode] (Original play) 2 Exemplare
Teatru American Contemporan vol. 1 (Mitwirkender) 1 Exemplar

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