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Autoren-Bild. Photo by G. Frank E. Pearsall<br>Courtesy of the <a href="">NYPL Digital Gallery</a><br>(image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

Photo by G. Frank E. Pearsall
Courtesy of the NYPL Digital Gallery
(image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

Walt Whitman (1819–1892)

Autor von Grashalme

Beinhaltet die Namen: Walt Whitman, Walt Whitman, Walt Whitman, Walk Whitman, Walt Withmann, Walton Whitman, ホイットマン

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Walt Whitman was born on Long Island and raised in Brooklyn, New York, the son of a carpenter. He left school when he was 11 years old to take a variety of jobs. By the time he was 15, Whitman was living on his own in New York City, working as a printer and writing short pieces for newspapers. He spent a few years teaching, but most of his work was either in journalism or politics. Gradually, Whitman became a regular contributor to a variety of Democratic Party newspapers and reviews, and early in his career established a rather eccentric way of life, spending a great deal of time walking the streets, absorbing life and talking with laborers. Extremely fond of the opera, he used his press pass to spend many evenings in the theater. In 1846, Whitman became editor of the Brooklyn Eagle, a leading Democratic newspaper. Two years later, he was fired for opposing the expansion of slavery into the west. Whitman's career as a poet began in 1885, with the publication of the first edition of his poetry collection, Leaves of Grass. The book was self-published (Whitman probably set some of the type himself), and despite his efforts to publicize it - including writing his own reviews - few people read it. One reader who did appreciate it was essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson, who wrote a letter greeting Whitman at "the beginning of a great career." Whitman's poetry was unlike any verse that had ever been seen. Written without rhyme, in long, loose lines, filled with poetic lists and exclamations taken from Whitman's reading of the Bible, Homer, and Asian poets, these poems were totally unlike conventional poetry. Their subject matter, too, was unusual - the celebration of a free-spirited individualist whose love for all things and people seemed at times disturbingly sensual. In 1860, with the publication of the third edition on Leaves of Grass, Whitman alienated conventional thinkers and writers even more. When he went to Boston to meet Emerson, poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, essayist Oliver Wendell Holmes, and poet James Russell Lowell, they all objected to the visit. With the outbreak of the Civil War, Whitman's attentions turned almost exclusively to that conflict. Some of the greatest poetry of his career, including Drum Taps (1865) and his magnificent elegy for President Abraham Lincoln, "When Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd" (1865), was written during this period. In 1862, his brother George was wounded in battle, and Whitman went to Washington to nurse him. He continued as a hospital volunteer throughout the war, nursing other wounded soldiers and acting as a benevolent father-figure and confidant. Parts of his memoir Specimen Days (1882) record this period. After the war, Whitman stayed on in Washington, working as a government clerk and continuing to write. In 1873 he suffered a stroke and retired to Camden, New Jersey, where he lived as an invalid for the rest of his life. Ironically, his reputation began to grow during this period, as the public became more receptive to his poetic and personal eccentricities. Whitman tried to capture the spirit of America in a new poetic form. His poetry is rough, colloquial, sweeping in its vistas - a poetic equivalent of the vast land and its varied peoples. Critic Louis Untermeyer has written, "In spite of Whitman's perplexing mannerisms, the poems justify their boundless contradictions. They shake themselves free from rant and bombastic audacities and rise into the clear air of major poetry. Such poetry is not large but self-assured; it knows, as Whitman asserted, the amplitude of time and laughs at dissolution. It contains continents; it unfolds the new heaven and new earth of the Western world." American poetry has never been the same since Whitman tore it away from its formal and thematic constraints, and he is considered by virtually all critics today to be one of the greatest poets the country has ever produced. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from Grashalme
… (mehr)
Grashalme 8,980 Exemplare, 73 Rezensionen
Leaves of Grass (1855 edition) 2,623 Exemplare, 14 Rezensionen
Complete Poems (Wordsworth Poetry Library) 1,180 Exemplare, 5 Rezensionen
Whitman: Poetry and Prose 1,153 Exemplare, 8 Rezensionen
Grashalme ( [1891]) 879 Exemplare, 6 Rezensionen
Poetry for Young People: Walt Whitman 845 Exemplare, 7 Rezensionen
Gesang von mir selbst 735 Exemplare, 14 Rezensionen
Selected Poems [ed. Appelbaum] 534 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Leaves of Grass and Selected Prose 287 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Selections from Leaves of Grass 265 Exemplare, 3 Rezensionen
Tagebuch 150 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
On the Beach at Night Alone 143 Exemplare, 7 Rezensionen
Poems By Walt Whitman 132 Exemplare
The Essential Whitman 131 Exemplare
Memoranda During the War 111 Exemplare, 3 Rezensionen
When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer 98 Exemplare, 10 Rezensionen
Whitman Illuminated: Song of Myself 98 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Selected Poems [ed. Crasnow] 90 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Drum taps 74 Exemplare
Leaves of Grass (1860 edition) 58 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
A Choice of Whitman's Verse 49 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
I Hear America Singing 46 Exemplare, 3 Rezensionen
Laws for Creations 42 Exemplare
Voyages 41 Exemplare
Demokratische Ausblicke 39 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Poetry for Kids: Walt Whitman 38 Exemplare, 4 Rezensionen
The Whitman Reader 31 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Live Oak, with Moss 29 Exemplare
An American Primer 24 Exemplare
Nothing But Miracles 20 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
The Portable Walt Whitman 17 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
American Bard 11 Exemplare
Cálamo 8 Exemplare
Whitman 8 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Overhead the Sun 8 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
November Boughs 7 Exemplare, 3 Rezensionen
Two prefaces 7 Exemplare
Leaves of Grass 6 Exemplare
Gresstrå 1 5 Exemplare
Digte 5 Exemplare
Whitman the Poet 5 Exemplare
A Whitman Portrait 4 Exemplare
Canto a mí mismo 4 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
The correspondence 4 Exemplare
Drum-Taps and Memoranda During the War 4 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Canti d'addio 3 Exemplare
Cimen Yapraklari 3 Exemplare
The Pamphlet Poets 2 Exemplare
Les fulles d'herba 2 Exemplare
Slang in America 2 Exemplare
Utvalda dagar 2 Exemplare
Collected writings 2 Exemplare
Rohulehed 2 Exemplare
Pictures : a poem 2 Exemplare
Leaves of Grass 2 Exemplare
Short Stories 2 Exemplare
Lincoln 1 Exemplar
Poesías 1 Exemplar
Lyrik und Prosa 1 Exemplar
Kosmos 1 Exemplar
La quercia 1 Exemplar
diVersi 1 Exemplar
Three Poems 1 Exemplar
Opere alese 1 Exemplar
Collected Poetry 1 Exemplar
Salut au monde 1 Exemplar
Fuldkomne Dage 1 Exemplar
Valitut runot 1 Exemplar
Poems and prose 1 Exemplar
Prosaschriften 1 Exemplar
Werke 1 Exemplar
Eidolons 1 Exemplar
Calamus 1 Exemplar
Prose Works 1 Exemplar
Američke priče 1 Exemplar
Whitman's Poems 1 Exemplar
Canti scelti 1 Exemplar
City of Orgies 1 Exemplar
Choix de poèmes 1 Exemplar
collected prose 1 Exemplar
Ruohonlehtiä 1 Exemplar
One Hundred and One Famous Poems (Mitwirkender, einige Ausgaben) 1,755 Exemplare, 17 Rezensionen
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (Mitwirkender, einige Ausgaben) 853 Exemplare, 7 Rezensionen
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Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Books (Mitwirkender) 465 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
A Treasury of the World's Best Loved Poems (Mitwirkender) 458 Exemplare, 4 Rezensionen
World Poetry: An Anthology of Verse from Antiquity to Our Time (Mitwirkender) 408 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
A Pocket Book of Modern Verse (Mitwirkender, einige Ausgaben) 406 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
The Rag and Bone Shop of the Heart: A Poetry Anthology (Mitwirkender) 352 Exemplare, 3 Rezensionen
Literature: The Human Experience (Mitwirkender) 312 Exemplare
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Our White House: Looking In, Looking Out (Mitwirkender) 290 Exemplare, 7 Rezensionen
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The Heath Anthology of American Literature 1: 001 (Mitwirkender, einige Ausgaben) 237 Exemplare
The Civil War: The First Year Told By Those Who Lived It (Mitwirkender) 213 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
The Penguin Book of Homosexual Verse (Mitwirkender) 212 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
The Art of Fact: A Historical Anthology of Literary Journalism (Mitwirkender) 196 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Teaching with Fire: Poetry That Sustains the Courage to Teach (Mitwirkender) 187 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
A Treasury of Poetry for Young People (Mitwirkender) 172 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
The Civil War: The Second Year Told By Those Who Lived It (Mitwirkender) 148 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
American Religious Poems: An Anthology (Mitwirkender) 138 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
Life in the Iron Mills [Bedford Cultural Editions] (Mitwirkender) 127 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
The Civil War: The Third Year Told by Those Who Lived It (Mitwirkender) 124 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (Mitwirkender) 122 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
The Norton Book of Travel (Mitwirkender) 106 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
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Leading From Within: Poetry That Sustains the Courage to Lead (Mitwirkender) 90 Exemplare, 2 Rezensionen
Norton Book of Friendship (Mitwirkender) 88 Exemplare
Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans? (Mitwirkender) 85 Exemplare, 5 Rezensionen
Poets of the Civil War (Mitwirkender) 83 Exemplare, 1 Rezension
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Racconti Gialli (Autor) 18 Exemplare
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American Poems 1779-1900 (Mitwirkender) 11 Exemplare
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