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Elemente und Ursprünge totaler Herrschaft: Antisemitismus.… (1951)

von Hannah Arendt

Weitere Autoren: Siehe Abschnitt Weitere Autoren.

Reihen: The Origins of Totalitarianism (1-3)

MitgliederRezensionenBeliebtheitDurchschnittliche BewertungDiskussionen
2,732263,995 (4.22)39
Unter dem Eindruck des Holocaust, der nationalsozialistischen Vernichtung des europäischen Judentums, hat Hannah Arendt mit 'Elemente und Ursprünge totaler Herrschaft' - zuerst 1951 in New York erschienen, in deutscher Übersetzung 1955 - zugleich eine Geschichte und eine Theorie des Totalitarismus geschrieben. Hier hat sie "die allgemein gültige Vorstellung vom monolithischen Charakter des Dritten Reiches erschüttert und auf die eigentümliche Strukturlosigkeit totaler Regierungen hingewiesen. Hannah Arendt analysiert den Nationalsozialismus und den Stalinismus als verwandte Herrschaftstypen und als Folgeerscheinungen von Antisemitismus und Imperialismus." (Deutschlandfunk)… (mehr)
Kürzlich hinzugefügt vonCaioVillela, private Bibliothek, AKBouterse, patrice1, anamorfo, ricksnadurti, erohwedd
NachlassbibliothekenGillian Rose, Hannah Arendt, Susan Sontag, Carl Sandburg
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It’s a testament to Arendt’s presence on the page that I’m giving her magnum opus a 3ish, seeing as its Odyssey into abstract theory left me quite seasick. It was an endless gush of philosophical conjecturing that drowned me whole. The first third of the book that formed her thesis on antisemitism was, I thought, off-the-mark: The idea that Jews had established a special relationship with the nation-state in order to survive which, by the end of the 19th century, rendered them a superfluous possessor of wealth, and thus an easy target for the masses to amass against, struck me as a corollary to the Great Man Theory of history, and slightly blame-the-victim-y at that. Could all of modern antisemitism be pinned on the Rothschilds? Then the tie-in to the second third of the book on Imperialism may, also, have been grasping at straws, though most likely too opaque for me to grasp myself. Sure, imperialism was a result of the accumulation of superfluous wealth and the natural next step in the perpetual hunger for growth inherent to capitalism, but I still don’t get the connection to Jews? Finally, yes, the third section was illuminating in its discussion of the mechanics of totalitarianism — the duplication of state agencies and the sublimation of the state by the movement, propaganda, constant purges, arbitrary terror, concentration camps, the isolation and loneliness of all subjects — but Arendt makes it hard to follow when she pontificates without structured references to the Nazi and Soviet regimes’ totalitarianism, like Benjamin Hett does in this very lucid depiction of the Nazis’ rise to power: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/36149074-the-death-of-democracy
( )
  Gadi_Cohen | Sep 22, 2021 |
This inspirational and well-crafted informational text takes the reader through Temple Grandin’s diagnosis of autism to her becoming a scientist and professor of animal science. Appendix, Selected Bibliography and Resources, Photo Credits, Index.
  NCSS | Jul 23, 2021 |
Hannah Arendt's book "The Origins of Totalitarianism" is rightly regarded as a classic. But it is not a book for the general reader. The writing, without cant or sophistry, wastes not a word and shows clear, concise and often original thinking in nearly every sentence. Thus it must be approached by a thoughtful reader with mental energy to burn and perhaps be read just several pages at a time.

The book, written in 1951 and updated, focuses on Stalin and Hitler. Totalitarian systems differ in a number of ways from mere dictatorships, such as that of Mussolini and hundreds of others since the dawn of history, and they are new in recent history. A central element is contempt for facts; another, mass terror.

Arendt shows how the regimes of Stalin and Hitler evolved as movements and gained, consolidated, and maintained power. There is a sense of the surreal in the incomprehensible cruelty of those two leaders who caused the deaths of tens of millions of innocent people, the prolonged torture likely of yet more, the terrorization of still more, and encouraged millions of good people to do horrible things.

And they fooled an even greater number of people, east and west, and have always had admirers, high and low, down to this day. Thus the enduring importance of this book.

The book is thoroughly researched and footnoted. I did not note a false step anywhere in fact or emphasis.

The history of Jewry as it relates to Nazism was interesting to this blue-eyed reader. Arendt (a secular Jew) concluded that, to the Nazi elite, antisemitic policy was chiefly a political tool. Arendt is concerned with the subjective experiences of victims and villains only to the extent that they influenced power and process in Stalin's Soviet Union and Hitler's Germany.

Can a totalitarian system arise again? Be wary of every -ism. The world always has totalitarians-in-training, and surely others of us with imperial minds can imagine having a go at enjoying maximum power. ( )
  KENNERLYDAN | Jul 11, 2021 |
The first thing that I will say is this: This is a difficult book to read.

Hannah Arendt uses exceptionally long and convoluted sentences, which you must unravel slowly. It is only when you do this that you can make sense of what she writes.
She divided the book into three sections:
- The Jewish Question. Since I am not familiar with their history, this entire section made little
sense to me. Having said that, I was extremely surprised to note that
anti-Semitism does not have deep historical roots! There is some very good
material on the changes that took place in Europe towards the end of the
19th century, possibly causing some of the disasters of the 20th century.
- Imperialism. There was some good material here, but she kept dancing between England and
Hitler. Because of this her narrative was not clear.
- Totalitarianism. This is when the book began to shine. There is so much material in this section
that this alone makes the book worthwhile. However, she obsessed about Stalin
and Hitler. I don't know why she did not compare these two men with other
totalitarian leaders. Nor did she explore the fine lines between totalitarianism,
tyranny and dictatorship. ( )
  RajivC | Jun 24, 2021 |
Impressão dominante: o livro é de muito difícil digestão! Além disso. O tema promete uma obra mais interessante do que de facto é. Todos os factos históricos, toda a sucessão de causas e consequências são sacrificadas a explicações filosóficas que não justificam nada por si só.
Segunda impressão: não é um livro mas sim três! Não é preciso desenvolver profundamente o anti-semitismo e o imperialismo para abordar o totalitarismo. Na verdade, o capítulo (ou livro) sobre o totalitarismo pode ser lido sem que se olhe sequer para os dois anteriores.

Terceira impressão: as análises e conclusões para todos os três temas são demasiado rebuscadas e acabam por ser pouco úteis. Os actores históricos, Hitler e Estaline incluídos, com a leitura deste livro deveriam aprender muito sobre os regimes que eles próprios montaram.
Quarta impressão: a escrita de Arendt é dogmática. Faz afirmações, que parecem conclusões de vários factos, mas sem explicações ou justificações resultando que por vezes nem se compreende o que pretende dizer.
Conclusão: tudo quanto a autora disse, seria mais interessante e útil se condensado em 10% das páginas. Assim, a obra é uma maçada, mas uma maçada incontornável pela sua importância. ( )
  CMBras | Jan 23, 2021 |
keine Rezensionen | Rezension hinzufügen

» Andere Autoren hinzufügen (21 möglich)

AutorennameRolleArt des AutorsWerk?Status
Arendt, HannahHauptautoralle Ausgabenbestätigt
Baldunčiks, JurisÜbersetzerCo-Autoreinige Ausgabenbestätigt
Blumbergs, IlmārsUmschlaggestalterCo-Autoreinige Ausgabenbestätigt
Jakobsson, JimÜbersetzerCo-Autoreinige Ausgabenbestätigt
May, NadiaErzählerCo-Autoreinige Ausgabenbestätigt
Power, SamanthaEinführungCo-Autoreinige Ausgabenbestätigt
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Unter dem Eindruck des Holocaust, der nationalsozialistischen Vernichtung des europäischen Judentums, hat Hannah Arendt mit 'Elemente und Ursprünge totaler Herrschaft' - zuerst 1951 in New York erschienen, in deutscher Übersetzung 1955 - zugleich eine Geschichte und eine Theorie des Totalitarismus geschrieben. Hier hat sie "die allgemein gültige Vorstellung vom monolithischen Charakter des Dritten Reiches erschüttert und auf die eigentümliche Strukturlosigkeit totaler Regierungen hingewiesen. Hannah Arendt analysiert den Nationalsozialismus und den Stalinismus als verwandte Herrschaftstypen und als Folgeerscheinungen von Antisemitismus und Imperialismus." (Deutschlandfunk)

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