Charlotte Brontë (1816–1855)

Autor von Jane Eyre

434+ Werke 84,532 Mitglieder 1,315 Rezensionen Lieblingsautor von 598 Lesern
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Über den Autor

Charlotte Bronte, the third of six children, was born April 21, 1816, to the Reverend Patrick Bronte and Maria Branwell Bronte in Yorkshire, England. Along with her sisters, Emily and Anne, she produced some of the most impressive writings of the 19th century. The Brontes lived in a time when women mehr anzeigen used pseudonyms to conceal their female identity, hence Bronte's pseudonym, Currer Bell. Charlotte Bronte was only five when her mother died of cancer. In 1824, she and three of her sisters attended the Clergy Daughter's School in Cowan Bridge. The inspiration for the Lowood School in the classic Jane Eyre was formed by Bronte's experiences at the Clergy Daughter's School. Her two older sisters died of consumption because of the malnutrition and harsh treatment they suffered at the school. Charlotte and Emily Bronte returned home after the tragedy. The Bronte sisters fueled each other's creativity throughout their lives. As young children, they wrote long stories together about a complex imaginary kingdom they created from a set of wooden soldiers. In 1846, Charlotte Bronte, with her sisters Emily and Anne published a thin volume titled Poems by Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell. In the same year, Charlotte Bronte attempted to publish her novel, The Professor, but was rejected. One year later, she published Jane Eyre, which was instantly well received. Charlotte Bronte's life was touched by tragedy many times. Despite several proposals of marriage, she did not accept an offer until 1854 when she married the Reverend A. B. Nicholls. One year later, at the age of 39, she died of pneumonia while she was pregnant. Her previously rejected novel, The Professor, was published posthumously in 1857. (Bowker Author Biography) weniger anzeigen
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(eng) Do not combine Charlotte with either or both of her sisters. Also, do not combine this page with that of "Bronte". Thank you.

Bildnachweis: Portrait by George Richmond


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Gebräuchlichste Namensform
Brontë, Charlotte
Rechtmäßiger Name
Nichols Brontë, Charlotte
Andere Namen
Bell, Currer (Pseudonym)
Church of St Michael and All Angels, Haworth, West Yorkshire, England
Land (für Karte)
Thornton, Yorkshire, England, UK
Haworth, Yorkshire, England, UK
probable hyperemesis gravidarum
Thornton, Yorkshire, England, UK
Haworth, Yorkshire, England, UK
Lancashire, England, UK
Mirfield, England, UK
Brussels, Belgium
Cowan Bridge
Roe Head, Mirfield, Yorkshire, England, UK
Pensionat Heger, Brussels, Belgium
Brontë, Emily (Schwester)
Brontë, Anne (Schwester)
Brontë, Patrick (Vater)
Brontë, Branwell (Bruder)
Gaskell, Elizabeth (Freundin)
Charlotte Brontë was born in Thornton, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. Her parents were Maria Bramwell and Patrick Brontë, an Anglican clergyman and poet. In 1820, when she was a small child, the family moved to Haworth on the Yorkshire moors, where the Rev. Brontë had been appointed rector. The following year, Mrs. Brontë died. In 1824, Charlotte and Emily, along with their two elder sisters Maria and Elizabeth, were sent to the Clergy Daughters' School at Cowan Bridge, near Kirkby Lonsdale, Lancashire. The discipline there was harsh, and the girls found the food and other conditions miserable. Charlotte later portrayed the terrible school in her novel Jane Eyre as the Lowood Institution. After Maria and Elizabeth died in 1825, Charlotte and Emily returned home. Their father managed the upbringing of his three remaining daughters — Charlotte, Emily, and Anne — and son Bramwell thanks to the help of their maternal aunt Elizabeth Branwell, who left her native Cornwall to come and live with them. For more than five years, the Brontë children studied and played at home, writing and telling romantic tales for one another, and inventing imaginative games. At age 15, Charlotte enrolled at a new school not far from Haworth, Roe Head School. She spent 18 months there before returning home; in 1835, she went back again for a while as a teacher. To support herself and the family, Charlotte decided to become a governess and went with Emily to a boarding school in Brussels, Belgium, to improve their French and learn German. She later became a pupil-teacher there. Her unrequited love for the school's headmaster would eventually find an outlet in her novels Villette (1853) and The Professor (published posthumously in 1857). Before that, however, the ardent heart and rebellious spirit of her most famous creation, Jane Eyre (1847) brought immediate success and fame to the author under her pen name Currer Bell. Charlotte visited London three times at the invitation of her publisher and moved in literary circles, becoming a friend of Elizabeth Gaskell and William Makepeace Thackeray. Her novel Shirley (1849), written during and after the tragic deaths of her three siblings in a single year, showed Charlotte's engagement with both women's rights and workers' rights movements. In 1854, she married Arthur Nicholls, her father's curate and her long-time suitor. She became ill and died suddenly during pregnancy at age 38 in 1855. A comprehensive three-volume edition of her letters to family and friends, edited by Margaret Smith, was published in 1995-2004.
Hinweis zur Identitätsklärung
Do not combine Charlotte with either or both of her sisters. Also, do not combine this page with that of "Bronte". Thank you.



November 2023: The Brontë Sisters in Monthly Author Reads (Dezember 2023)
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November Group Read: Shirley by Charlotte Brontë in 2014 Category Challenge (Dezember 2014)
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*** Group Read: Jane Eyre (Spoiler Thread) in 75 Books Challenge for 2011 (April 2011)
*** Group Read: Jane Eyre (Non-Spoiler Thread) in 75 Books Challenge for 2011 (April 2011)
Jane Eyre Group Read (For the Procrastinators) Week One in 75 Books Challenge for 2010 (Dezember 2010)


Einer der bekanntesten viktorianischen Romane, und auch einer der bekanntesten der Brontë-Schwestern. Ich mochte das Buch um die arme und doch selbstbewusste Jane, die sich selbst immer treu bleibt und so am Ende Wohlstand Liebe und Eigenständigkeit gewinnt. Auch 2019 kann man das Buch noch sehr gut lesen!
1 abstimmen
Wassilissa | 912 weitere Rezensionen | Jun 23, 2019 |
The first time I read this, I was really struck by the force of the first-person narrator. What she felt and described was so authentic, even when she was not yet an adult. Very compelling and moving.
Tangotango | 912 weitere Rezensionen | Feb 22, 2015 |
Very passionate and convincing, this work is rather powerful and sad. I could relate very well to the heroine.
Tangotango | 143 weitere Rezensionen | Feb 22, 2015 |
1853 wird Charlotte Brontes Roman Villette veröffentlicht. Das Leben der Autorin ist selbst tragisch genug und würde wohl auch Stoff für einen Roman abgeben.
In Vilette geht es um Lucy Snowe, eine alleinstehende junge Frau , die in einer Schule im französischen Villette als Lehrerin arbeitet. Das Buch wirft die Frage auf, wie man damals als Frau unabhängig leben kann - es werden mehrere Lebensentwürfe vorgestellt, die verwitwete Schulleiterin als selbständige Frau, die kokette Ginevra als eitle, oberflächliche Frau. Lucy selbst schafft es, unabhängig zu leben - trotz tiefer Gefühle geht sie keine Beziehung ein.
Ich fand das Buch interessant, gerade auch aus der Zeit heraus, hatte aber schon manchmal Schwierigkeiten am Ball zu bleiben.

Charlotte Bronte's novel Villette was published in the year 1853. The life of the author herself is tragic enough and would also give room for a novel.
"Villette" is about Lucy Snowe, a young woman who works in a school in the French Villette as a teacher. The book raises the question if it is possible to live independently as a woman at that time - several concepts of life are presented: the widowed headmistress as an independent woman, the coquettish Ginevra as vain, superficial woman. Lucy even manages to live independently - in spite of deeper feelings she does not take any relationship.
I found the book interesting, especially as a document of that time.
… (mehr)
1 abstimmen
Wassilissa | 143 weitere Rezensionen | Sep 9, 2014 |


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